Over 80% of the adult population will experience a foot problem that will require medical treatment.
 Each person takes 4000 to 6000 steps a day, walking the equivalent of five times round the world in an average lifetime.
 Each foot contains 26 bones and 33 joints. When you add the bones of both feet together this accounts for over a 1/4 in the human body.
 There are over 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments in each foot. More specifically there are 4 layers of muscles in the sole of the each foot.
 The navicular (a large bone in the midfoot) is the last bone in the body to fully ossify, taking until puberty to fully harden.
 Our feet are highly developed biomechanical and engineering marvels. They have 3 arches and with each step able to deform and rebuild within 1 second...wouldn't an architect like to design a structure as sophisticated and efficient as that!
 When running, the weight bearing forces through the foot can be up to 5 times body weight. When a triple jumper lands following their 'hop' up to 9 times body weight…the reason why overuse sporting injuries of the foot generally take longer rehabilitation times.
 A 2½-inch (25mm) high heel can increase the load on the forefoot by 75%
 The achilles tendon is the strongest and thickest tendon in the body. It can withstand loads of greater than 2 tonnes (2000kg) before rupturing. Despite its strength it is the most common tendon injured in the body due to its limited blood supply.
 When wearing high heels for a prolonged period of time (ie. years), it can shorten the calf muscles, increasing the likelihood of developing forefoot and back pain.
 There is a strong correlation between being overweight and developing heel pain
 There is a strong genetic link in the development of bunions (i.e. they run in families)
 There is a relationship between bunion size and arthritis in the big toe joint
 The cartilage in the big toe joint is only 1mm thick… so be careful to avoid stubbing your toe!
 An ankle sprain can cause scar tissue to form in the joint capsule, leading to chronic pain.
 An ankle sprain can cause balance problems, altering the timing of muscle contractions around the ankle that can then lead to overuse tendon injuries….so rehabilitation is important!
 Over 60% of lower-limb and foot amputations are diabetes related. Following an amputation, 50% of those patients with diabetes will have their opposite limb amputated within 2 years.
 The fat pads located under our heels are very resilient and able to return up to 70% of the energy used to deform them upon impact at heel strike… a shoe manufacturer would love to produce a material as effective at absorbing as much shock!
 The midsole of a running shoe provides important stability and cushioning in a running shoe. Research has shown that the midsole only lasts 700 to 1000km in runners...so be sure to change your trainers regularly to avoid injury.
 Our feet have approximately 250,000 sweat glands with the average pair producing half a litre of perspiration per day…so changing your socks daily is a good idea!